An efficient approach to learning
What happens when I read or hear a word for the first time ?
The new word first enters the ultra-short-term memory, where it is not stored for a long time, but deleted very quickly.
What do I have to do in order to keep it in my mind and be able to use it actively?
By working on it again, the word is next transferred to the short-term memory and remains there for about 20 minutes.
Further repetitions are required so that the new content is not lost but forwarded to the long-term memory, where it is stored permanently.
If the vocabulary is then called up regularly, it becomes part of the active vocabulary.
If the words are no longer used, they become part of the passive vocabulary.
Taking up new knowledge, storing and linking it to already learned content can take place in different ways. It remains to be tried out which method is most effective for oneself, and which type of learner one most closely corresponds to:
If I am the visual type, the best way to memorize the new words is to read them.
As an auditory type, I learn more easily by listening.
I am the haptic type, if it is more efficient if I write the words myself.
I am more of a cognitive learner, if I find it easier to access something new with the help of grammatical rules and analytics.
The more senses you use to absorb the information, the greater your ability to retain what you have learned. This means that the most successful way to learn is to hear something and see it at the same time or even to apply it practically.
If I want to learn a language, it is similar.
In this process it is always advisable to keep in touch with the new knowledge and practice it as often as possible.
In everyday life, there are many opportunities to do this, for example through conversation, watching TV, listening to the radio, reading newspapers or on the Internet, when I use equipment, when I move around in traffic, and so on.